Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age.

The word “arthritis” means “joint inflammation.” However, inflammation may also affect the tendons and ligaments surrounding the joint. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly and may impair a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks.


Inflammatory arthritis

– Is a normal part of the body’s healing process. to occur as a defence against viruses and bacteria or as a response to injuries such as burns. Inflammatory arthritis can affect several joints, and the inflammation can damage the surface of the joints and also the underlying bone.

Degenerative or mechanical arthritis

Degenerative or mechanical arthritis covers types of arthritis in which there is damage to the joints through wear and tear. The most common form of degenerative arthritis is osteoarthritis.

Connective tissue disease (CTD)

These conditions can be caused by family genetics and are often known as heritable disorders of connective tissue. Connective tissue diseases can also be caused by things that exist in the environment.

Infectious arthritis

Infectious arthritis is a sudden and painful form of arthritis caused by an infection that spreads to a joint or the fluid surrounding it.

Metabolic arthritis

Metabolic arthritis, also known as gout, is a type of arthritis that causes joint pain and inflammation from a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints.

Childhood arthritis

Arthritis in childhood can cause permanent damage to joints, and there is no cure. However, remission is possible, during which time the disease remains inactive.

Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis is also known as infectious arthritis and is usually caused by bacteria. It can also be caused by a virus or fungus. The condition is an inflammation of a joint that’s caused by infection. Typically, septic arthritis affects one large joint in the body, such as the knee or hip. Less frequently, septic arthritis can affect multiple joints.

Symptoms of arthritis

The symptoms of arthritis that appear and how they appear vary widely, depending on the type.

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion

A doctor can help a person determine whether they have arthritis and the best course of treatment for them. Treatments can include medications and lifestyle changes. In some cases, a person may need surgery.